When I was a Christian I spent quite a bit of my time reading books on the subject of apologetics. Apologetics is the discipline of defending the faith. I always found myself in a position where I had unbelievers around me who challenged my point of view and so I always want to make sure and be “ready to give an answer for the hope that was within me”. After many years I came upon the school of apologetics called Presuppositional Apologetics (PA). PA critiqued another school of apologetics called Classical Apologetics or evidential apologetics (EA). The EA group also critiqued the PA group. I was persuaded by the PA group that EA was not only a wrong approach but literally an immoral and ungodly way to argue for the faith. Over many years, I then came to see that PA itself had many problems with it’s logic and eventually, my faith completely deteriorated. Not simply because of these bad arguments for the faith, but because I came to see that there were really no GOOD arguments for the faith (and believe me I looked and still am looking).
The EA school of though is basically coming from the point of view that we have to use reason and logic to come to understand that the Bible is true. We look at historical evidence, philosophical evidence, archeological evidence, scientific evidence ALONG WITH our evidence from personal experience and faith.
The PA school of thought basically says that we cannot question God or His word and that it is wrong to do so. Therefore we START with faith in God and His word (the Bible) and we do not “reason” our way to the faith. Any “authority” that we appeal to in order to “prove” God, we would be putting in authority ABOVE God and that is wrong to do.
Both PA and EA have strong critiques of each other and in the end, THEY ARE BOTH RIGHT!! The EA critiques of PA are true. And the PA critiques of EA are true. The conclusion is that the Christian faith is not true because in reality, all of the arguments for it are actually pretty bad.
Now, rather than go into detail here in this post as to HOW this is the case, I refer the reader to another blog where this is hashed out. The blog is formerfundy.blogspot.com and the writer did a great job of summarizing each of these two positions critique of each other.
Here is the PA critique of EA and here is the EA critique of PA. See for yourself. I think the Christians do a pretty good job of refuting each other and not much is left over for Christianity when the dust settles.